The Ohio State Troopers Association announced this past week that it is withdrawing its endorsement of Democrat Ed FitzGerald for governor, to the undoubted glee of the Plain Dealer, which needs a daily story to hammer nails into what it has openly said it perceives as FitzGerald’s political coffin. Although a FitzGerald spokesperson says the troopers’ union knew about the overblown drivers license issue when it made its endorsement, it was clearly spooked by the trumped-up media attacks on him.
It might seem to make sense on the surface that troopers would decline to stand behind someone who failed to have a valid drivers license over a long period of time, since enforcing rules of the road is what they do, but it really doesn’t. Instead they’ve given a leg up to someone who thinks rules of the road are for the little people, not himself.
If they want to see disrespect for rules of the road, they should dig up the famous video of John Kasich referring to a police officer who stopped him for failing to yield to an emergency vehicle an “idiot” — three times. Obviously, Kasich has zero respect for officers just doing their jobs. He mocked the guy up and down for doing just that.
While the troopers say this move shouldn’t be taken as an endorsement of Kasich, of course it helps his reelection bid. And his reelection would likely be a serious detriment to them.
So it will be hard to have sympathy for them a year from now if Kasich is reelected and their negotiating rights have dried up and blown away as Ohio becomes a “right to work” state, draining unions of what little power and influence they have left. It will be hard to have sympathy for them a few years down the road when their numbers have shrunk, their salaries are thousands of dollars less than they are now, and their pensions and health coverage cost a LOT more — and they have no say in the matter.
James Renner, with Scene Magazine had an interesting write up the other day. It was about the removal of three seasoned journalists from their beats at the Plain Dealer. The three reporters were covering the county courts and local justice. Renner's article starts...
"With Three Reporters Pulled From the Courts Beat, the Northeast Ohio Media Group Continues to Kill the Plain Dealer Little By Little
According to sources inside the Plain Dealer, three top union reporters were pulled from their beats covering Cuyahoga County courts and local justice Wednesday. The plan is to replace them with non-union J-school grads looking for cheap jobs and covering those beats for the Northeast Ohio Media Group in its quest to gather all the listicle-worthy news you can handle.
Why would a VP give the boot to three top reporters?
The reason bandied about the Plain Dealer newsroom in the wake of the announcements is that the stories written by Dissell, Caniglia, and McCarty were generating some of the highest traffic online. Since these three reporters still work for the union-employed Plain Dealer, NEOMG and NEOMG boss Chris Quinn could not take credit for the Internet traffic. By replacing his award-winning journos, Quinn can now claim the clicks for future court stories."
The entire article can be found here:
Of course the majority of people who won't tell you this are... journalists. I have no idea why. They'll voraciously re-tweet that Ed FitzGerald once burped really loudly, but the fact that their industry is very very sick, they'll keep that covered up.
So I get this email today inviting me to join Ed FitzGerald's rapid response team. This means they'll send you emails several times a week that you're supposed to push out on Facebook, Twitter, and wherever you hang out, tell all your friends blah blah blah. This is pretty boilerplate campaign stuff. Worth doing if you want to fight to the end:
What had me rolling on the floor laughing was this:
Social media is an incredibly important tool for our campaign. Reporters around the state and across the country rely on social media for breaking news about the campaign and public reaction to political hot topics.
When reporters see tweets and Facebook comments from folks like you, it also helps reinforce that it isn't just Ed who cares about these issues -- it's folks across Ohio. That's incredibly important because in politics, perception is reality.
I don't know if the person who wrote this was naive or was simply trying to cheer people up, but .... no.
The Plainly Republican and the Disgrace don't care what 'folks like you" think or are talking about. They take their marching orders from above — way above YOU. And they rely on the Ohio Republican Party for what to talk about and how to talk about it. Then they create the perception the people they answer to want them to.
Ed FitzGerald never had much of a campaign team. It's a sad truth. Even if certain controversies didn't materialize he still would have had tough road ahead of him given the people he had around him. As I read reports about top staff leaving the campaign, I found it almost laughable that the people leaving could be considered the "big brains" of anything. I foolishly believed that for a major race for governor that there'd be a few more people with a little more acumen than the people who left. Nick Buis, Daniel McElhatton and Aaron Pickrell these were the main "geniuses" behind the campaign.
Nick Buis was Ed FitzGerald's campaign manager. I had been wanting to write about him for a longtime. I don't know how he got his job. I'm assuming the overall reason he was hired was for a Get Out The Vote (GOTV) effort. Ohio Democrats have made it clear they believe 2014 will come down to a massive GOTV effort. Nick Buis was the state director in Florida during the 2012 presidential election cycle. I'll guess that Nick Buis boasted massive numbers for Florida's GOTV effort. How much of that Nick, can really take credit for, could probably be debated. In the end though, GOTV work seems to be Nick Buis's only qualification for the job.
He obviously didn't have a clue about crisis communication, how to deal with crises or the press. And he certainly didn't show any understanding of how to position a candidate. He didn't seem to know how to highlight issues that a candidate could run on. He didn't seem to understand the importance of issues at all. He certainly didn't build a platform for Ed FitzGerald to run on. No, Nick Buis's main interest beyond GOTV, was football. And Peyton Manning. Even now, when you follow him on Twitter, that's pretty much all he highlights. https://twitter.com/buisnick.
The following jumped out at me from an article, Henry Gomez, wrote a few days ago...
"Nevada Gov. Brian Sandoval was supposed to join Kasich but canceled because of a late scheduling conflict, said Kasich spokeswoman Connie Wehrkamp.
FitzGerald's campaign on Friday sent supporters an email under the headline "A pro-choice Republican in Ohio." The missive was meant to highlight Sandoval's support for abortion rights in Nevada and Kasich's opposition to abortion (except in the cases of rape, incest or when the mother's life is in danger)".
Entire article can be found here.
John Kasich supports abortion for cases of rape, incest or when a mother's life is in danger?
I wonder if Ohio's Right to Life group knows about this. From my understanding, the group seeks to end all abortions no matter what. Conversely, if I was the Democrats, I'd pressure John Kasich on this. No matter how he answers, it's going to put him in a pretty bad spot.
As debate swirls around the need for voters to have photo ids to protect against fraud in elections, one thing that is never mentioned by either Democrats or Republicans is the signature check.
Anyone who has ever worked the polls, or voted for that matter in Ohio, knows that a voter must sign their signature when they vote. The reason a voter signs their signature isn't because of some unnecessary procedure, it's because the poll workers or board of elections workers are matching the signature with an already stored signature to see if they match. If there are any descrepancies between what the voter signs and what is on file, the voter's authenticity can be questioned.
Pretty much anyone would agree that it's awfully hard to forge a signature. The idea that there is someone who could forge thousands of signatures, which you'd have to in order to effect the outcome of an election, is ridiculous. The idea that there a several someones is also ridiculous. You would need so many people, again skilled at forging signatures, to make a difference, it's just not logical. The only people I can think of who would believe such scheme is possible probably also believe 9/11 was an inside job, and the Apollo 11 moon landing was faked.
The idea that we need to have photo ids to protect against fraud is a faulty one. We already have several good protections in place that work. It would be nice if those, who know photo ids laws are aimed at reducing participation in elections, would point this out.
I mentioned the other day in passing the new study from Policy Matters Ohio called The State of Working Ohio about the jobs non-recovery in Ohio. I wanted to pull it out and call attention to it because you really should read it.
I think most of us know intuitively that there's been no "economic miracle," and that Ohio is not "on the rise," as our governor so cynically claims in his web ads. Most of us feel we are struggling; many of us have struggled to find work despite strong qualifications, education, and an excellent work record. Others are wondering if they will ever make more money or if their salary is frozen for the rest of their lives. Others are just hoping they don't lose ground.
They have good reason to fear.
Here's what Policy Matters Ohio had to say:
• The share of Ohioans that is working is at a 34-year low -- worse than in any year since we've been tracking it.
• Of Ohio's 12 most common occupations, 11 pay too little to get a family of three above 150% of the poverty line - the most common Ohio job pays just $18,300 a year!
• As a group, the bottom 99% of us now make less each year than the bottom 99% of a generation ago in Ohio. The top 1% makes 70% more.
• Median hourly wages have fallen over the past generation, while hourly productivity is up 65%!
That's a terrible record, and it's shameful that John Kasich thinks this is something to boast about. Ah but he'll fix everything with still more magic tax cuts, right?
Um, no. Policy Matters Ohio reports "Since the 2005 tax cuts, Ohio lost 2.3 percent of its jobs while the U.S. added 3.8 percent. Ohio cut more than 7 percent of local government jobs."
While the Cleveland Plain Dealer, acting as usual as an arm of the Ohio Republican Party, keeps telling us about unnamed traitor Democratics functioning as obedient errand boys for the ORP in accepting Ed FitzGerald’s defeat as a given two months before the election, some REAL Democratic who aren’t cowards are refusing to act as if Ed had cooties.
(By the way, ANY statewide candidate who fails to mention our candidate for governor when I hear him/her speak has lost my vote. Ojo.)
One of them is Kenny Yuko, a former state representative who is running for the state senate, though God only knows why, given the insanity there. At a meeting where several speakers avoided even mentioning Ed, cowering just as the GOP wants them to, Kenny told me he thinks that’s the wrong thing to do.
He said that at meetings where he speaks, he asks the audience, “How many people here have had their lives impacted by Ed FitzGerald’s failure to renew his drivers license?” Honestly, none of us can say that so, no hands.
Then he asks, “How many people here have been impacted by John Kasich’s cuts to local governments and schools?” That’s going to be a lot of people in any crowd. (OK, maybe not a Koch family reunion).
He’s cutting right to the heart of it. No one is impacted by Ed’s drivers license. But virtually every ordinary non-wealthy Ohioan is impacted by Kasich’s screwed-up economic priorities, to say nothing of his attacks on women and labor.
Another one who is getting it right is Armond Budish, running for Cuyahoga County executive to replace Ed FitzGerald, whod better be our next governor or we’re in a world of trouble. Let Armond explain why.
He brings up the fact that the rightie media and the people they’ve bullied and browbeat into submission are howling that Ed’s failure to renew his drivers license (honestly, this sounds sillier and more trivial every time I write it) shows a lack of judgment.
Maybe it does, he admits.
John Kasich can tell three!
He's running web ads (love seeing him waste them on progressive websites!) that say, "Governor Kasich may be tough but he listens and Ohio is on the rise."
Can you spot the lies?
1. "Governor Kasich may be tough"
He isn't. Anyone who makes a habit of trying to sneak through policies he knows a majority will hate isn't tough — he's a coward. He signed away women's rights late on a Sunday evening, and refused to respond to people questioning him about his stance.
We all remember how much he said about labor during the 2010 campaign — nothing. And we all remember that SB 5 was the first thing he did after getting elected. Now when asked about right to work, this coward refuses to own up to it, saying he's not thinking about the future. Of course he is.
2. "but he listens"
If Kasich is known for anything, it's talking AT people and not listening to what they have to say. I've heard this repeatedly from people who have tried to have a discussion with him. He's got the facts, he's made up his mind, and he doesn't want to hear what YOU have to say. Unless you have a large check for him, of course.
3. Ohio is on the rise
This is the biggest lie of all. Ohio is struggling to get back to its feet and keeps getting knocked back down by Kasich's policies — his cuts to local governments and public schools, his onerous tax increases that fall mostly on working people, his secretive and apparently ineffective — since Ohio has one of the worst job creation records of any state — JobsOhio. And what jobs have been created have all been low wage. Maybe Kasich got confused and meant that POVERTY was "on the rise" in Ohio.
Here are John Kasich and six other middle-aged white men blithely signing away women's rights. As usual, Kasich scrawled his signature in the most low-profile way he could — a Sunday evening, no less — and was too cowardly and dishonest to openly tell Ohioans what he was up to. This is typical Kasich — appear bland and blank in public so people think "he's not so bad," and then turn around and slam ordinary working Ohioans with policies and legislation that holds them down.
Here are some of the Ohio women who are fighting back against this attack on their lives and their ability to make their own choices. Kudos to all these great women who know what REALLY matters.
That traveling photo was taken by Karen Kasler of the Statehouse News Bureau. Good work. Karen!
We all remember attorney general Marc Dann, right? Elected in 2006 when Democrats swept all the statewide offices but one, Dann was forced out of office when it was learned that some of his closest associates in the office had turned the place into a sort of frat house and that there may have been some pressure for sexual favors. You know, sexual harassment.
Dann didn't really do anything wrong. The fact that he was having a consensual affair with an adult woman in his office is hardly the sort of thing that is rare in the summer-camp atmosphere of state capitals. But he was forced from office when even his fellow Democrats refused to get his back.
So now, Mike DeWine...
Courtesy of the Ohio Democratic Women's Caucus, here's a succinct description of what has been going on in HIS office:
Reports of the case detail allegations made by an intern against a senior male staffer who was reportedly personally close to Mike DeWine. The intern reported under oath that she was touched on her shoulder and knee by the harasser and that he would position himself close to her in a “creepy” manner.
As the investigation progressed, a confidential informant came forward to DeWine’s internal investigator. Over the investigator’s objections, DeWine demanded and received the name of this informant. Shortly thereafter, the investigation was closed. In a move of apparent retaliation, the internal investigator who initially refused to give DeWine the informant’s name was threatened with felony charges by DeWine’s senior staff.
Marcia Fudge (Oh-11) sent out the following statement about today's decision by Judge Peter Econumus to reverse the restrictions on voting put in place earlier this year by the Republican Ohio legislature and Secretary of Voter Suppress ... I mean STATE ... Jon Husted.
I am ecstatic voting opportunities have been restored to the people of Ohio. By reducing early voting days and hours and eliminating Golden Week a one-week period in which voters can register and vote at the same time the Ohio Legislature made it harder for thousands of Ohioans to access the ballot box. Moreover, these changes had a disparate, negative impact on some voters but not others. No democracy should seek to reduce voter participation. By granting a preliminary injunction, U.S. District Court Judge Peter Economus has reversed the potential harm that unjust Ohio laws and regulations would have caused and restored integrity to the electoral process in time for the 2014 election.
It's really well past time that it was legally forbidden for any state to roll back voter rights that have already been granted without showing that provable circumstances (not speculation about voter fraud that MIGHT occur but in fact doesn't) demand it. And the bar should be set very high.
Look for the Ohio GOP to next pass a photo ID bill, something that is entirely unnecessary but disproportionately impacts poor people and minorities. And to the Republicans, that's a huge plus! So we might be seeing them back in court again soon.
Oh, poor Jon Husted. It seems like every time he figures out another way to limit opportunities to vote, some big mean judge smacks him down and tells him to leave voters alone.
And not just Husted, but our anti-democratic legislature too. You may remember (or maybe you are trying hard to forget) that back at the beginning of the year, the legislature voted to end the so-called "Golden Week," when voters could register and vote at the same time (no, not ONE instance of suspected "voter fraud" was ever attached to this) and also to put limitations on mailing out absentee ballot request forms. Mailing out those request forms has been shown to dramatically increase voter participation. But we don't want that, do we?
After that, Jon Husted, who knows a thing or two about voter fraud because he is rare example of it, chimed in with restrictions on early voting hours — no pesky evenings to make it convenient for working people and certainly no Sundays so African-American churches can do that "Souls to the Poll" thing. Can't have that either!
But today, alas for Husted,
A federal judge has blocked Ohio’s cuts to early voting and its elimination of same-day voter registration — a major voting rights victory in the nation’s ultimate presidential battleground state. Judge Peter Economus ruled Thursday that the cuts violated the Voting Rights Act’s ban on racial discrimination in voting, as well as the Equal Protection clause of the U.S. Constitution. He issued an injunction barring them from going into effect before the November election, and directed Ohio Secretary of State Jon Husted to add a second Sunday of early voting.
State newspapers like the Cleveland Dealer and the Columbus Dispatch are very rightwing. I did a two-year research project documenting the PD’s slant, and no one disputes that of the Dispatch.
So why are they harping on Ed FitzGerald’s driver’s license and a most likely innocent conversation he had in his car with a woman at 4:30 instead of just complaining he isn't a corporate lackey like they do with Sherrod Brown?
It’s clear to me. They want to reelect Kasich, because that’s what their corporate overloads want. But there’s no case for doing so, based on his policies, his record of governance, and the state of the state.
It will be interesting to see their endorsement editorials. Yes, Kasich has done a few good things, such as expanding Medicare. But they’re vastly outweighed by what he’s cost ordinary Ohioans and the damage he’s done to the state.
With such a very weak case, what are they going to do? Well, they can lie, and to some degree they probably will. They will overlook a dozen things that, if Ted Strickland had done any one of them, they would have gone on and on and on about.
I mean, I try to imagine what their reaction would have been if Ted had claimed Ohio’s economy was roaring — the contention Kasich is basing his campaign on. Unlike right now, the economy WAS improving when Strickland was running for reelection — just not very fast, as Kasich kept pointing out when he promised us his “economic miracle” in 2010.
Now Ohio owns one of the worst job creation records in the country. If it was improving slowly during Ted’s last year, any growth is microscopic now.
The rest of Kasich’s record isn’t any better — slashing education, attacking labor, cutting local government funds, destroying the environment, stripping women of their rights, spending recklessly to create the most outsized budget in Ohio history, raising taxes on most ordinary working Ohioans, hints of scandals everywhere caused by his crony favoritism, weak oversight, and lack of transparency. Even the PD and Dispatch would have a hard time putting lipstick on THIS pig.
We always refer to David Joyce, the freshman congressman from Oh-14, as David “I’m not a moderate but I play one on TV” Joyce. That’s because he’s playing the same game as his predecessor Steve LaTourette, trying to appear like he’s this wonderfully reasonable person who sees everything from a pragmatic point of view to the benefit of all of his constituents, while maintaining a consistently rightwing voting record and expressing support for far-right policies when talking to Tea Party groups.
But after seeing this video, we’re thinking we should change his name to David “I worship coal” Joyce. Some citizens shot the video at the Geauga Public Library in which he waxes so enthusiastic about coal, you’d think it was his god. He also seem to be suggesting that it's OK to drill the heck out of Ohio because we can just ship it to China and they'll pollute over there instead. Or something. It's hard to figure out.
Give it a listen and then support/donate to/vote for his opponent, Democrat Michael Wager.
Some people don't quit when the road gets rocky.
Some people don't collapse in a corner whimpering/WIMPering and going "You're right — we're terrible" the minute our rightwing media start lobbing spitballs at us.
Some people have good perspective on what matters and what's fabricated hooey.
Some people can keep their eye on what matters.
Some people recognize what's at stake.
They've got no time for your quititude.
The Ohio Republican Party has some new YouTube video of Nina Turner asking a couple of college students to stand during a stump speech. She wanted the students to stand to block the camera of a Republican tracker. It's a common thing in politics to have someone stand in front of a tracker's camera. Yes, both sides do it.
Perhaps the Republican Party released the video, because they were embarrassed they did the following...
— Henry J. Gomez (@HenryJGomez) June 12, 2014
After this, the Chairman of the Republican Party Matt Borges, made these suckers walk around on the streets of downtown Cleveland with these on. Does the Republican Party really want to go there with this video of Nina Turner?...
I don't know much about the Toledo Blade or their staff. I was surprised to read an editorial from them titled: On Labor Day, a gloomy job climate but a hopeful forecast. Actually, I was a little stunned by it. It's nothing like you'd read in the Plain Dealer, which, I imagine the next editorial in the PD will be about how Terence Egger has recalculated Cleveland hosting the Republican National Convention and now it's more like hosting 10 Super Bowls, the summer Olympics, the winter Olympics and the second coming of Christ.
Anyway, Toledo's editorial written by editor David Kushma, starts out...
"Labor Day is a celebration of the American worker. But this Labor Day, what do Ohio’s workers have to celebrate, other than getting tomorrow off? Not so much.
In Toledo and across our state, today’s workers are better educated and far more productive than the labor force of a generation ago. But these achievements generally aren’t reflected in their paychecks or their bank accounts.
To the contrary, the typical worker in Ohio earns less than his or her counterpart did in 1979, when you take inflation into account. Ohio’s median wage — half of us make more, half less — is nearly 6 percent lower than the national figure.
And that’s if workers are fortunate enough to have jobs. Ohio’s unemployment rate has fallen, slowly, since the Great Recession officially ended five years ago. But since 2005, while the number of jobs has grown by 3.8 percent nationwide, Ohio has lost 2.3 percent of its jobs. (The matter hits close to home: Next month, The Blade is eliminating 131 production jobs and shifting printing operations to a third party.)
I've been pretty surprised that not one, but two of my posts have made the Saturday Progressive Blog roundup at Dailykos (www.dailykos.com). While Anastasia and the folks over at Plunderbund (www.plunderbund.com) have made the roundup several times - and deservedly so, I never expected to see anything I wrote appear there. So it was interesting to see. The latest roundup can be found here:
Dailykos does them every Saturday: www.dailkos.com. It's an interesting review on things going on throughout the nation.
Enjoy it. If Kasich is reelected, it is very likely the last on which Ohio has a viable labor movement.
I just wanted to drop in and say hello, and let any fans I might have out there know that I have not retired from blogging. I've just been taking a break to recharge. I will be back at full power after the holiday weekend.
I want to thank my fellow blogger Derek for the work he has been doing to keep things going. His posts should give you some idea of what our major themes will be in the next couple of months — and after the election, especially if Kasich is reelected. People will pay for that, and yes, by "people," I do mean metaphorically "newspapers," probably the most useless, corrupt, biased, and destructive entities in the state of Ohio.
I was reading an piece on the media the other day in which the writer opined that the only sure prediction you could make about the future of the media was that within a decade, there would be no more local newspapers. Perhaps we can help hasten the arrival of this paradise on Earth. We're certainly going to try.
Apparently, the Trumbull County Democratic Party held some kind of executive committee meeting recently where they voted by ballot to appoint an interim county commissioner. The balloting process allowed people to vote in secret, which, kudos to the Trumbull County Democratic Party for doing so. The secret ballot process has only strengthened democracy as it allows people to vote freely without fear of retribution.
But it seems there are some laws or a law and party by-laws within the Democratic Party system that prohibits this. Why any of them exist is beyond me - it doesn't seem very democratic.
The vote, or the outcome of the vote, seemed to irk some party insiders. David Betras, the Mahoning County Democratic Party Chairman seemed to be upset with it. I have no idea why, or what possibly the gossip behind the dust up was. It caused Betras, to request that the state Democratic Party take action against the Trumbull Party, which, they did Wednesday night.
I was going to do a post about how ridiculous and stupid the state party and the central committee members looked by pursing action over a rule that probably shouldn't exist and at a time that's just terrible for infighting. But as I was researching things something even stranger and more ridiculous occurred. It involved an exchange between WKSU Reporter Jo Ingles and Ohio State Dem Chair Chris Redfern. (I provided a clip from the exchange below. It's from Marc Kovac with Ohio Capital Blog. https://twitter.com/ohiocapitalblog)
The exchange started during a press briefing with Redfern. During it, Jo Ingles, asked if Ed FitzGerald had been properly vetted and if Redfern intended to keep him on the ticket. Read what I wrote above - the question was off topic.
Great article by Roldo Bartimole on the current state of "reporting" by the Plain Dealer. The article is posted at The Cleveland Leader. (www.clevelandleader.com). He writes...
"There's an old saying I can't track down even with Google.\[sic]
It's about journalists.
It goes something like, ""When the battle is over they come down and shoot the wounded.""
I knew only one person who might know the direct quote - Terry Sheridan. And he did with all the attribution: Newspaperman Clive Barnes (1927-2008), NYTimes dance and theater critic: "A critic is someone who rides in after the battle and shoots the wounded." That's the apt description I was seeking.
It's the feeling I get when I read the Plain Dealer articles now about County Executive Ed FitzGerald.
I'm no great fan of Fitz because he's left Cuyahoga County in what I believe will be a financial crunch. Maybe disaster. He helped extend the sin tax for 20 years and the bed tax and hasn't done anything to reduce the quarter percent sales tax put on the Tax Tim.
He's put the county in the hotel business. It shouldn't be in that money-losing business. It already has one called the convention center.
And he's made personal mistakes. Especially not getting a driver's license for years. Stupid, maybe even arrogant. Hardly a major crime though.
Now, however, whenever FitzGerald is covered in the Pee Dee all that is dredged up.
Quick and easy is the PD style these days.
Excellent editorial from the Akron Beacon Journal and his policies towards the poor. They write...
"Few offer a more telling perspective on the condition of the Ohio economy than the food banks across the state. They see the stresses and strains affecting families and individuals struggling to make ends meet. On Monday, the Ohio Association of Foodbanks, joined by five other organizations, rightly urged Gov. John Kasich to accept an invitation from the federal government to make food assistance more widely available to needy Ohioans.
Unfortunately, the governor appears unwilling to budge."
Complete editorial can be found here:
The Atlantic has an interesting read about the origins of the five-day work week. They write...
"The earliest recorded use of the word “weekend,” Rybczynski notes, occurred in 1879 in an English magazine called Notes and Queries:
""In Staffordshire, if a person leaves home at the end of his week’s work on the Saturday afternoon to spend the evening of Saturday and the following Sunday with friends at a distance, he is said to be spending his week-end at So-and-so.""
Some 19th-century Britons used the week's seventh day for merriment rather than for the rest prescribed by scripture. They would drink, gamble, and enjoy themselves so much that the phenomenon of “Saint Monday,” in which workers would skip work to recover from Sunday's gallivanting, emerged. English factory owners later compromised with workers by giving them a half-day on Saturday in exchange for guaranteed attendance at work on Monday.
It took decades for Saturday to change from a half-day to a full day’s rest. In 1908, a New England mill became the first American factory to institute the five-day week. It did so to accommodate Jewish workers, whose observance of a Saturday sabbath forced them to make up their work on Sundays, offending some in the Christian majority. The mill granted these Jewish workers a two-day weekend, and other factories followed this example. The Great Depression cemented the two-day weekend into the economy, as shorter hours were considered a remedy to underemployment."
Rest of the article can be found here: